Improve Your Vision Loss with Cataract Surgery
Cataracts are one of the most common causes of vision loss in the world. They affect nearly half of the population over the age of 75 years old. Typically, eye surgery is used to treat cataract once the condition has become severe enough to affect a person’s everyday life or they prevent the treatment of other serious eye conditions.
If your doctor recommends cataract surgery, you can have peace of mind knowing that this is a standard surgery. In fact, more than 3 million cataract surgeries are performed every year. In most cases, this simple procedure can be completed on an outpatient basis.
Prior to surgery, a local anesthetic will be administered to numb the area surrounding the eye. Eye drops will also be used to dilate the pupil of the eye. There are several different types of cataract surgeries performed today, including:
- Phacoemulsification – This is the most common type of cataract surgery available today. A small incision is made on the cornea of the eye and a small probe is inserted, which is used to break up the cataract. A suction tool is used to remove these particles from the eye and an artificial lens is installed as a replacement.
- Extracapsular – This procedure is very similar to the phacoemulsification, except it requires a slightly longer incision. The front capsule of the lens is removed, while the back part of the lens is left intact. The artificial lens is then implanted onto the back of the lens.
- Intracapsular – This type of surgery was standard in the 1980s. It requires removal of the entire original lens and it is replaced with an artificial lens. This procedure is not commonly used anymore because it a longer incision is necessary.
You may have blurred vision right after the surgery, but this will go away within a few days. Your eyes may also be very itchy, but it is important that you resist the urge to rub or itch them. If you experience nausea, vision loss, redness of the eyes, or persistent pain in the eyes, you must contact your doctor immediately.
Your eyes should completely heal within one month’s time and your blurry vision should be gone. At this point, you will probably be scheduled for a full eye examination to determine a new prescription for eyeglasses. This will greatly improve your vision and prevent future blindness.